The United States had the second-steepest decline in life expectancy among high-income countries in 2020, according to research published last week. U.S. men saw life expectancy fall by 2.3 years, from about 76.7 to 74.4. Women lost more than 1.6 years, falling from about 81.8 to 80.2. Researchers compared observed life expectancy in 2020 with what would have been expected for the year based on historical trends from 2005-2019. Life expectancy dropped in 31 of the 37 countries studied. Only Russia had a steeper decline than the U.S.