State Selects Vendor as State-Based Exchange Navigator

The Pennsylvania Insurance Department (PID) has selected the Pennsylvania Association for Community Health Centers (PACHC) as the Navigator for the state-based exchange (SBE) that the state is developing. The SBE will take the place of the commonwealth’s current reliance on the federal Marketplace for Affordable Care Act (ACA) coverage. Full transition to the SBE is targeted for January 2021. This selection and accompanying funding will allow PACHC to continue and build on the hub and spoke enrollment assistance model we developed for individuals interested in Marketplace coverage. This includes monthly health center-based enrollment assister peer network calls, a dedicated outreach and enrollment track at our Annual Conference, trend analysis, intervention and outreach.

Free Lyme Testing for Un- and Underinsured in Pennsylvania

The Pennsylvania Department of Health (DOH) has increased lab capacity for Lyme disease testing in the Bureau of Laboratories and is now offering this testing free of charge for persons who are uninsured or underinsured. DOH has issued Lyme Serology Test Specimen Collection and Submission Guidance outlining the collection and testing procedures. Test methods offered at the Bureau of Laboratories are:   1) EIA for qualitative detection of IgG and IgM class antibodies to VlsE1 and pepC10 antigens from Borrelia burgdorferi in human serum; and 2) Western Blot for the confirmation of IgG and IgM antibodies – positive ELISA will automatically reflex. See document for complete instructions.

2019 Effectuated Enrollment Snapshot

As of March 15, 2019, 10.6 million consumers in the nation had effectuated coverage through the health insurance exchanges for February 2019. This means consumers paid their first month’s premium. This number represents approximately 92% of consumers who made plan selections during the 2019 Open Enrollment Period (11.4 million). The average total monthly premium for enrollees nationwide in February 2019 was $594.17, a decrease of one percent from the February 2018 average premium of $597.20. Approximately 9.3 million, or 87% of Exchange enrollees in February 2019 received Advance Premium Tax Credits (APTC), consistent with the percentage of enrollees who received APTC in February 2018. The average monthly amount of APTC per enrollee receiving APTC fell by approximately 1% from February 2018, to $514.01. To view Pennsylvania specific data, click here.

NIH Poised to Share Data with “All of Us” Participants

The nearly 200,000 Americans to date who have trusted federal scientists with their DNA, their medical records, and detailed behavioral surveys will soon begin to receive the results of a genetic analysis performed by the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the agency announced Wednesday. The announcement marks a long-touted milestone for the NIH’s unprecedented “All of Us” precision medicine project. To date, researchers say, no government study has returned individualized genetic data to participants – especially a group so large and diverse. The data will provide participants a deeper look into their own ancestry and genetic traits, their genetic predisposition to certain diseases, and, potentially, genetic factors that could impact the effectiveness of prescription drugs. NIH will also offer a more in-depth genetic counseling service to all study participants and urge it for those who have a genetic factor that could impact their health care. The pilot program is also unprecedented in its inclusiveness: 51% of participants to date come from historically marginalized racial and ethnic backgrounds. Representatives of All of Us will be in attendance at the PACHC Annual Conference & Clinical Summit in October for those who want to learn more or participate.

CDC Reports 1 in 7 Diabetics Ration Medicine Due to Cost

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released new data this week that finds that one in seven individuals with diabetes did not take their medication as prescribed because of the cost. The survey found that 13.2% of diabetics either skipped a dose, took less medicine or delayed filling a prescription because of cost. The high cost of insulin has been at the epicenter of discussions on how to make prescription drugs more affordable in the U.S.

$10 Million Grant Aimed at Getting Pennsylvania Hospitals to Work Together on Opioid Crisis

The Hospital & Healthsystem Association of Pennsylvania has launched a two-year effort aimed at getting hospitals across the state to adopt evidence-based best practices to get patients on the road to recovery. The “Opioid Learning Action Network” is underwritten by a $10 million grant from Bloomberg Philanthropies, the charity run by former New York City mayor and billionaire Michael Bloomberg. It’s focused on finding frontline solutions that hospitals can use to fight the epidemic, rather than tackling the public policy issues that are also part of the debate. Experts from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health will assist officials and physicians from about 100 hospitals statewide in the initiative, organizers said in a statement.

Telehealth Resource Centers Offer Free Help

One way to address clinician shortages is through the use of telehealth. If you’re starting a telehealth program and need support, or if you already have a telehealth program and want to improve it, you can turn to Telehealth Resource Centers to help. They provide free technical assistance to all HRSA grantees, including Health Center Program grantees. The HRSA Federal Office of Rural Health Policy funds these centers. Check out the website for the National Consortium of Telehealth Resource Centers or go directly to the resource center for Pennsylvania, the Mid-Atlantic Telehealth Resource Center. It is important to note that currently in Pennsylvania, the only telehealth service health centers can bill for is telepsychiatry.

Understanding Encampments of People Experiencing Homelessness and Community Responses

The National Alliance to End Homelessness has released a new report, Understanding Encampments of People Experiencing Homelessness and Community Responses:  Emerging Evidence as of Late 2018, to discuss  different models to assist people living in encampments by removing barriers to accessing services and housing through the use of navigation centers, such as those used in San Francisco.  Evidence shows that clearing out encampments without follow-up support services does nothing to solve the actual problem but instead creates unnecessary trauma for inhabitants. More research on the demographic characteristics of people living in encampments would better inform policy and program initiatives.

Impending “Public Charge” Rule Could Drive Up the Uninsured Rate for Children

From the Pennsylvania Partnerships for Children

The “public charge” test refers to the evaluation by federal immigration officials to determine whether a person applying for a visa or green card is likely to rely on government benefits. The final rule, which was published last week by the Department of Homeland Security, changes the public charge definition by adding more programs into the determination, including Medicaid and the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP).

It is important to note what is not included in the final rule. Children, pregnant women and new mothers 60-days post-partum on Medicaid, the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP) and the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) are not factored into the public charge determination.

However, confusion and fear among families with mixed immigration status may drive individuals to withdraw their eligible citizen children from essential programs providing health care, food and housing. This is what is known as the “chilling effect,” and according to the American Academy of Pediatrics Council on Immigrant Child and Family Health and many other child health experts and advocates, we are already seeing this occur since the rule was proposed last fall, which underscores the concern of this rule driving up the child uninsured rates across the country.

The final rule is scheduled to go into effect October 15, 2019 unless Congress or the courts act to block implementation of the regulation.

Education about this rule change is key – we must ensure that children continue to enroll and receive the preventive health care and nutritional assistance necessary for their healthy development.

For more information about public charge, please refer to this list of resources.

Rural Pennsylvanians Have Nearby Access to Opioid Treatment, but Still Travel Far to Receive it

Rural Pennsylvania Medicaid enrollees diagnosed with opioid use disorder are driving an average of four times as far as their nearest prescriber to receive medication-assisted treatment, according to an analysis led by University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health researchers.

The study, published in the Journal of General Internal Medicine, also found that the farther people have to travel, the less likely they are to adhere to medication-assisted treatment, which is the standard of care for opioid use disorder.

opioid“While people in rural areas with opioid use disorder face challenges obtaining medication-assisted treatment, another important finding from our research is that these same people have substantial contact with their primary care physician, averaging four visits per year,” said lead author Dr. Evan Cole, research assistant professor in Pitt Public Health’s Department of Health Policy and Management. “By providing training and support to primary care physicians to provide medication-assisted treatment to their patients, policymakers might stimulate increases in treatment access in local communities.”

Medication-assisted treatment is the use of medications, such as buprenorphine, naltrexone or methadone, often with counseling, to treat opioid use disorder. The medications relieve opioid cravings and withdrawal symptoms. Providers must complete training and be approved to prescribe buprenorphine, and methadone can be dispensed only by licensed clinics for opioid use disorder.

Through a grant from the Agency for Healthcare Research & Quality to the Pennsylvania Department of Human Services, Cole and his colleagues reviewed Pennsylvania Medicaid claims data from 2014 to 2015 for 7,930 enrollees with a diagnosis of opioid use disorder living in 23 rural Pennsylvania counties heavily impacted by the opioid crisis. Pennsylvania is the seventhlargest Medicaid program by enrollment, the fourthlargest by expenditure and has the thirdlargest rural population, compared to other states.

The team mapped availability of providers of medication-assisted treatment and the actual location of where each enrollee was receiving treatment. The average distance to the nearest possible provider of medication-assisted treatment was 4.2 miles among rural enrollees with opioid use disorder. When the researchers limited it to only physicians with a high likelihood of taking new Medicaid recipients, the average distance was 12.6 miles. However, despite closer options, the Medicaid enrollees in the study were traveling an average of 48.8 miles for treatment.

“We can’t say for sure why the enrollees were traveling so much farther than necessary for treatment. We couldn’t measure things like wait times for appointments or patient preferences for particular providers,” Cole said. “But we do know that only 20 percent of those with opioid use disorder were diagnosed by their primary care physician. More frequently, they were diagnosed by a behavioral health provider, who then likely referred them to treatment.”

Getting someone with opioid use disorder into treatment is only the beginning, Cole said. His team took their analysis further and found that enrollees who travelled more than 45 miles to treatment had 29% lower odds of remaining adherent to medication-assisted treatment. There is strong evidence that adherence to medication-assisted treatment is related to a lower risk of relapse and improved outcomes.

“Primary care physicians don’t get a lot of training in addiction, so they may be reluctant to treat it due to concerns about administrative burdens on their practice or stigma about taking on new patients with opioid addiction,” Cole said. “But what we found is that the people in rural communities with opioid use disorder are already being seen by these primary care physicians for other reasons. If we can equip these physicians with training and administrative and clinical support to offer such treatment, and show them that they’ll be treating the patients they already have, they could be in the right place at the right time to address important gaps in access to addiction treatment.”

Cole said that future research will need to examine whether patients who are traveling great distances for medication-assisted treatment eventually switch to closer providers, and whether that change is associated with improved outcomes.

The research was funded by Agency for Healthcare Research & Quality grant 1R18HS025072-01. Ellen DiDomenico, M.S., of the Pennsylvania Department of Drug and Alcohol Programs is the principal investigator of the AHRQ grant, and is a co-author of the study.