Federal Poverty Level (FPL) guidelines are issued each year by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. They’re based on information gathered by the Census Bureau. The Bureau uses that data to calculate the total cost of essential resources used by an average person in a year. Federal poverty levels are used to determine eligibility for certain programs and benefits, including savings on Marketplace health insurance, and Medicaid and CHIP coverage. The Pennsylvania Health Law Project has created an Income and Resource Limit Chart for Medicaid and other health programs. View the full HHS chart.