States rely on international medical graduates (IMGs) to fill workforce gaps in rural and urban underserved areas. This study collected quantitative and qualitative information from states to assess how state policies and practices shape IMG recruitment and practice in underserved areas through Conrad 30 J-1 visa waiver programs. This report, the second of two, describes findings from interviews with Conrad 30 program personnel in 32 states and includes information on J-1 waiver physician retention for states with available data.
Davis Patterson, PhD
WWAMI Rural Health Research Center